Nickel Hydrogen Cold Fusion Rossi Piantelli
Since their discovery of cold fusion, Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi have explained the theory behind the Hydrogen Nickel fusion. After their announcement, other scientists worldwide have attempted to prove and disprove the theory. Some have accepted cold fusion as a new phenomenon is physics which cannot be explained yet. Others have taken it as a failed experiment because it contradicts the laws of nuclear physics.
Nonetheless, Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi have explained the Nickel Hydrogen fusion as a process which produces energy and copper isotopes. It also involves using heavy water (deuterium) and Palladium electrodes in an electrochemical system. According to these two remarkable scientists 400W of electricity is needed and the reaction yields 12,400W of heat energy. Based on this principle, they have created cold fusion devices known as LENR and E-Cat.
Production of these devices has begun and will be commercially available in the next few months. Ampenergo is a private US company which has signed an agreement with Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi.
According to some reports the theory behind the LENR and E-Cat probably began from Francesco Piantelli. He is a retired professor of biophysics from the University of Siena. He had used a biophysics device using Hydrogen and Nickel gases. He had then chilled the device with liquid helium.
Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi however, have gone much further than Francesco Piantelli. They have developed successful cold fusion devices, LENR and E-Cat which have become quite a talk today. The LENR and E-Cat are the most awaited technology because they come with the promise of pure and cheap energy.
Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi have explained the theory behind Nickel Hydrogen fusion. They say it involves the Nickel crystal, fuse with Hydrogen atoms. The Nickel nuclei then fuse with the Hydrogen nuclei and this is where the nuclear fusion occurs. This process is only possible when Coulomb forces are overcome, resulting in nuclear forces. At the same time Nickel acts as a catalyst and breaks the Hydrogen molecules into single Hydrogen atoms. The electrons in Hydrogen atoms are then deposited on the Nickel atoms where there exists the Fermi Band. The electrons then diffuse further into the Nickel crystals of Nickel. This is how Nickel Hydrogen fusion occurs.
Many other scientists have confirmed their agreement
with Andrea Rossi ‘sand Sergio Focardi’s theory. One of the most prominent scientists who have contributed to the theory behind Nickel Hydrogen fusion is Professor Christos Stremmenos. He agrees with Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi. As an attempt to provide an understanding of how the
LENR and E-Cat work he used three principles to explain.
He believes that when the electrons get deposited on the Fermi Band a shielding force originates. This is what holds the Hydrogen or deuterium nuclei inside the crystalline cavity in Nickel atoms. Stremmenos also thinks that this shielding effect contributes to the cold fusion reaction through exothermic nuclear reactions. During the cold fusion reaction isotopes of Nickel which are copper atoms are also produced.
The theory behind LENR and E-Cat can also be qualitatively explained using Bohr’s Hydrogen atom, Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle and High Speed Nuclear Reactions. Stremmenos has explained these principles in details as an effort to justify cold fusion.
According to Bohr Hydrogen atom principle the Hydrogen atom remains in a stationary state unless energy is applied to it. This is where the de Broglie in-phase theory comes in. Therefore, the electrons remain in a circular path orbiting around the nuclei in a path. However, when the atoms come into contact with the Nickel atom these electrons get deposited into the conductivity band (Fermi Band). They then get diffused into the Nickel crystalline structure. Stremmenos
further thinks that if there are any void spaces in the crystal, the electrons will occupy them as well.
Therefore, the electrons get distributes throughout the structure.
According to Heisenberg Uncertainty principle, during cold fusion in the LENR and E-Cat devices, mini Hydrogen atoms are formed. These are neutrally charged and also fuse with the Nickel nuclei. Furthermore, these trapped mini Hydrogen atoms undergo in-situ annihilation which is what Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi had predicted. This is a high speed nuclear reaction. Both ?+ and ?- particles are formed which result in the production
of new copper nuclei. The copper is therefore a byproduct of the whole reaction.
For now, this is the theories behind the Hydrogen and Nickel cold fusion. Ampenergo has begun production of cold fusion devices and soon there will be pure and cheap energy for everyone.